FAQ coronacrisis: tips
The measures to limit the spread of the coronavirus had enormous consequences for everyone in the arts and cultural sector. Organisations and self-employed people could make use of (financial) support for entrepreneurs offered by the government. Specific measures have also been taken to support the cultural sector.
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DUO corona measures
The Education Executive Agency (DUO) wanted to help students and former students who encountered (financial) problems as a result of the coronavirus. Students entitled to studyfinancing from DUO, could borrow extra money, for example to be able to pay tuition fees. Those paying back money could request a repayment-free period. If you experienced a study delay you could receive a compensation. These allowances have been available until August 2021.
National Education Program
Everyone who studied in the academic year 2021-2022 received a discount on tuition, course or tuition fees. The government has decided this through the National Education Program to give students financial breathing space.
Study programmes did everything they could to limit study completion delay, and thus additional costs, as much as possible. AHK-students could contact their student counsellor for more information.
Support for self-employed people
There were a number of measures to support entrepreneurs with allowances, loans and tax measures. The most relevant measures were:
Assistance for self-employed people (TOZO)
Self-employed people could apply for financial assistance and a loan via the Tijdelijke Overbruggingsregeling voor Zelfstandig Ondernemers (Temporary Transitional Arrangement for Self-employed Persons, TOZO). The most important condition was that you met the hour criterion, whereby at least 1,225 hours a year were worked within your own company. This was an easing of the Social Assistance (Self-Employed Persons) Decree (Besluit bijstand zelfstandigen, Bbz). The allowance was up to € 1,500 per month. The partner's income counted too and entrepreneurs under the age of 27 who followed government-funded education and received student finance could not claim TOZO. Also international students were not likely to qualify, because submitting an application for TOZO could cause problems with the IND/visa.
Compensation for entrepreneurs in affected sector (TOGS)
This arrangement was aimed at entrepreneurs (SMEs, small and medium-sized enterprises) who work from a property they own or rent, are seeing their turnover disappear and, for example, have to continue paying the rent for their business premises. The allowance amounts to €4,000 and could be spent freely. You qualified if your company complies with the conditions and your main activity was registered with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce (KVK) under a required SBI code (in Dutch).
Fixed Costs Allowance (TVL)
This allowance was for SME entrepreneurs and self-employed people who lost a lot of turnover due to the corona crisis and therefore experienced problems with paying their fixed costs. How much you received depended on the revenue loss and your industry. The maximum amount per company per three months was € 330,000 euros.
You could apply for, among other things, a ‘special deferment of payment’ (bijzonder uitstel van betaling). This was possible for all assessments, therefore also for the turnover tax (VAT), income tax, corporation tax and wage tax and national insurance contributions. You could receive a three-month deferment of payment with this.
Support for employers and employees
Temporary Emergency Bridging Measure for Sustained Employment (NOW)
Entrepreneurs could be reimbursed up to 85% of their wage costs with the Temporary Emergency Bridging Measure for Employment (NOW) if they lost at least 20% turnover. The conditions and reimbursement percentages were adjusted every three months.
Flex workers and on-call workers who earned € 400 or more in February 2020 and who were not able to claim any other benefit could report to the UWV till the 12th of July 2020 for a monthly amount of € 550 (for March, April and May 2020).
Support housing costs
Temporary Support Necessary Costs (TONK)
When you were a self-employed person, entrepreneur, employee or job seeker with financial problems and you could no longer pay necessary costs such as housing costs, you could apply for support from your municipality. The kind of support was different per municipality.
Support cultural sector
Specific measures cultural sector
In order to support makers, institutions and companies in the cultural and creative sector, the government has released a total of more than €1.7 billion specifically for this sector in 2020 and 2021 through subsidies, loans and a guarantee scheme. The following support packages were provided for this:
- First aid package: € 300 million for the second half of 2020;
- Second bailout package: € 482 million for the first half of 2021;
- € 40 million for the free theater producers;
- Third aid package: € 24 million due to the lockdown and the extension of the lockdown;
- € 385 million for an event guarantee fund;
- Fourth bailout package: € 147.25 million for Q3 2021;
- € 450 million for an event guarantee scheme.